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4D synchrotron X-ray tomographic quantification of the transition from cellular to dendrite growth during directional solidification

4D synchrotron X-ray tomographic quantification of the transition from cellular to dendrite growth during directional solidification

Cai, B., Wang, J., Kao, A., Pericleous, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7426-9999, Phillion, A. B., Atwood, R. C. and Lee, P. D. (2016) 4D synchrotron X-ray tomographic quantification of the transition from cellular to dendrite growth during directional solidification. Acta Materialia, 117. pp. 160-169. ISSN 1359-6454 (doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2016.07.002)

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Abstract

Solidification morphology directly impacts the mechanical properties of materials; hence many models of the morphological evolution of dendritic structures have been formulated. However, there is a paucity of validation data for directional solidification models, especially the direct observations of metallic alloys, both for cellular and dendritic structures. In this study, we performed 4D synchrotron X-ray tomographic imaging (three spatial directions plus time), to study the transition from cellular to a columnar dendritic morphology and the subsequent growth of columnar dendrite in a temperature gradient stage. The cellular morphology was found to be highly complex, with frequent lateral bridging. Protrusions growing out of the cellular front with the onset of morphological instabilities were captured, together with the subsequent development of these protrusions into established dendrites. Other mechanisms affecting the solidification microstructure, including dendrite fragmentation/pinch-off were also captured and the quantitative results were compared to proposed mechanisms. The results demonstrate that 4D imaging can provide new data to both inform and validate solidification models.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alloy microstructure; Directional solidification; Synchrotron tomography
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Computational Science & Engineering Group (CSEG)
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 11:42
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16498

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