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Youth chances: integrated report

Youth chances: integrated report

Ussher, G., Baker, D., Delacour, M., Dye, C., Furlong, T., Scott, P. and West, Elizabeth (2016) Youth chances: integrated report. Project Report. Metro Centre, Greenwich.

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Abstract

This document provides an overview of the key findings from this five-year ground-breaking research project about the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and questioning (LGBTQ) 16-25year olds in England funded by the Big Lottery Fund and conducted by METRO Charity in collaboration with Ergo Consulting and the University of Greenwich.

Methods: The project surveyed 7,126 young people aged 16-25. Of these 6,514 were LGBTQ young people. 612 were heterosexual non-trans young people and 956 were trans young people. 29 commissioners of services for young people and 52 relevant service providers across England were also surveyed.

Findings: Show high levels of discrimination, abuse and mental health issues that young LGBTQ people face which indicate a need for more to be done to improve the lives of LGBTQ young people.

Sections of the report are:

1. Being different
Over half of LGBQ respondents (53%) knew they were LGBQ by the age of 13. Over half of trans respondents (58%) knew they were trans by the same age. When coming out as LGBQ or trans, over four fifths of LGBQ respondents (81%) and nearly two thirds of trans respondents (62%) told a friend first. Over a quarter of LGBQ young people (29%) have not told their mother, nearly a half (45%) have not told their father, and 5% have not told anybody. Approximately half of trans respondents have not told parents or siblings that they are trans and 28% have not told anybody. Young people tell us that they most want emotional support to help them when they are coming out but most are not getting it.
The second most important thing to them is to meet other LGBTQ people and again over half of them did not get this opportunity.

2. Participation
LGBTQ young people are twice as likely not to feel accepted in the area where they currently live, compared to heterosexual non-trans young people. 59% of LGBTQ young people that would be interested in joining a religious organisation have stopped or reduced their involvement owing to their sexuality or gender identity. Over a third of LGBTQ young people (34%) are not able to be open about their sexuality or gender identity at a sports club they are involved in.

3. Staying safe
73% of the LGBTQ sample agreed that discrimination against LGB people is still common and 90% of the LGBTQ sample agreed that discrimination against trans people is still common. About three quarters of LGBTQ young people (74%) have experienced name calling, nearly a half (45%) have experienced harassment or threats and intimidation and almost a quarter (23%) have experienced physical assault.
88% of LGBTQ young people do not report incidents to the police and when cases are reported only 10% lead to a conviction. 29% of LGBTQ respondents reported domestic or familial abuse, compared to 25% of the heterosexual non trans group. Over a third (36%) of LGBTQ respondents cited their sexuality or gender identity as at least a contributing factor in the abuse. Almost one in five (18%) LGBTQ young people have experienced some form of sexual abuse, compared with one in ten (11%) of non-trans heterosexuals in our sample. Most LGBTQ respondents who have experienced sexual abuse (79%) have not received any help or support. Nearly one in ten LGBTQ young people report that they have had to leave home for reasons relating to their sexuality or gender identity.

4. Enjoying and achieving
Nearly half of LGBTQ young people (49%) reported that their time at school was affected by discrimination or fear of discrimination. Consequences reported included missing lessons, achieving lower grades, feeling isolated and left out and having to move schools are all reported. 61% reported name calling because they were LGBTQ or people thought they were. This figure includes the experiences of heterosexual non-trans respondents: it is an issue for all young people. About one in five LGBTQ young people experience physical attack at school on account of their sexual identity or gender identity. The majority do not report this and only a small proportion of those who do experience resolution. For some reporting the abuse means that it gets worse. Around two thirds of LGBTQ young people say they learn a lot about relationships and safer sex between a man and a woman, compared to less than 5% who say they learn a lot about same sex relationships and safer sex.
89% of LGBTQ young people report learning nothing about bisexuality issues and 94% report learning nothing about transgender issues. Only 25% of LGBTQ young people report that they learned anything at school about safer sex for a male couple.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lesbian; Gay; Bisexual; Transgender; Questioning sexuality; Survey; Experiences; Young people, England
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Centre for Positive Ageing
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Family Care & Mental Health
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 10:39
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16473

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