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The validity of the primary and secondary appraisal scale (PASA) for use with athletes

The validity of the primary and secondary appraisal scale (PASA) for use with athletes

Rossato, Claire, Uphill, Mark, Coleman, Damian and Swain, Jon (2012) The validity of the primary and secondary appraisal scale (PASA) for use with athletes. In: International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport, July 19th - 24th 2012, Glasgow, United Kingdom. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

One instrument proposed to assess challenge and threat states, self-efficacy and control-expectancy is the Primary and Secondary Appraisal Scale (PASA: Gaab et al., 2005). Although this instrument may be applicable and valid for use with athletes, it is important that this assumption be tested (Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2009). Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the PASA factor structure.

Respondents were 200 attendees of the University gym, 42% female and 58% male aged between 18 and 55 years (M age= 24.91, SD =9.43). The participants were asked to complete the PASA before carrying out a dart throwing task.

It was explained to participants that the highest score would win a cash prize of £50. The cash incentive was intended to enhance the relevance and engagement in the task, which must be present to elicit a challenge or threat response.

The data was analysed using confirmatory factor analysis with the existing hypothesised correlated and uncorrelated four factor model.

The PASA showed relatively low scores of reliability with Cronbach’s Alpha values for the challenge (4 items; α=.593), threat (4 items; α=.630), self-efficacy (4 items; α=.360), and control-expectancy (4 items; α=.594) sub scales.

The development of a novel tool to assess challenge and threat states in a sport and exercise setting appears to be an avenue for future research.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Appraisal; Scale; Athletes
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 16:29
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16397

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