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The effects of physical training without equipment on pain perception and balance in the elderly: a randomized controlled trials

The effects of physical training without equipment on pain perception and balance in the elderly: a randomized controlled trials

Patti, Antonino, Bianco, Antonino, Karsten, Bettina, Montalto, Maria Alessandra, Messina, Giuseppe, Battaglia, Giuseppe, Bellafiore, Marianna, Cassata, Daniela, Scoppa, Fabio, Paoli, Antonino, Iovane, Angelo and Palma, Antonino (2017) The effects of physical training without equipment on pain perception and balance in the elderly: a randomized controlled trials. WORK: A Journal of prevention, assessment, and rehabilitation. ISSN 1051-9815 (Print), 1875-9270 (Online) (doi:10.3233/WOR-172539)

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Abstract

Background: Research supports a link between exercise and falls prevention in the older population. Objectives: Our aims were to evaluate pain perception and balance skills in a group of elderly subjects and to examine the consequences of a standardized equipment-free exercise program intervention on these variables. The study utilized a randomized controlled trial method. Methods: 92 subjects were recruited from a rural Sicilian village (Resuttano, Sicily, Italy). Subjects were randomly split into two groups, an experimental group (EG; n= 49) and a control group (CG; n =43). Qualified fitness instructors delivered the standardized physical exercise program for the EG whilst the CG did not receive this exercise intervention. The Berg Balance Scale and the Oswestry Disability Index were administered in both groups before (T0) and after the intervention (T1). Results: At T1, the EG group significantly improvement in balance (p<0.0001) and pain perception (p<0.0001). No significant differences were found within the CG both in BBS and ODI, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a 13-weeks standardized exercise equipment-free program is effective in improving balance and perception of pain in the elderly. This type of intervention can consequently provide a low cost strategy to counteract the rate of disability in elderly.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is published online with Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elderly; Pain; Balance; Exercise
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Q Science > QP Physiology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Science and Medicine in Sport and Exercise
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2017 10:39
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: GREAT b
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/16234

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