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Basic and applied research: Baculovirus

Basic and applied research: Baculovirus

Grzywacz, D. (2017) Basic and applied research: Baculovirus. In: Lacey, Lawrence A., (ed.) Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: from Theory to Practice. Academic, Amsterdam, pp. 27-46. ISBN 978-0-12-803527-6 (doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803527-6.00003-2)

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Abstract

Baculoviruses are pathogens of many insect species that are major agricultural and forest pests. They have been studied for at least 100 years for their potential as biological control agents and a significant body of knowledge about them has been developed. The taxonomy, morphology, pathology, and ecology of baculoviruses are briefly presented here and their significance for the use of baculoviruses as microbial control agents discussed. The use of baculoviruses for crop protection in specific cropping systems and case studies of the product development are used to illustrate the constraints and opportunities for using baculoviruses in crop protection. Existing barriers to wider use of baculoviruses, such as the relatively slow speed of kill compared with most chemical pesticides, the more limited host range, the shorter environmental persistence, the poorer performance on some crops, and reliability issues are explored, and future research priorities to overcome these concerns as well as the commercial and regulatory landscape around scaling up the use of baculovirus products are presented.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alphabaculovirus; Baculovirus; Betabaculovirus; Biological control; Biopesticide; Crop pests; Gammabaculovirus; Granulovirus; Insect resistance management; Integrated pest management; Lepidoptera; Microbial control; Nucleopolyhedrovirus
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2016 14:53
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15997

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