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Violent peer influence: The roles of self-esteem and psychopathic traits

Violent peer influence: The roles of self-esteem and psychopathic traits

Van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter and Van Zalk, Nejra (2015) Violent peer influence: The roles of self-esteem and psychopathic traits. Development and Psychopathology, 27 (4pt1). pp. 1077-1088. ISSN 0954-5794 (Print), 1469-2198 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0954579415000693)

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Abstract

Evidence for the risks of psychopathic personality traits for adolescent antisocial behavior are well documented in the literature. Little is known, however, about who the peers of adolescents with these traits are and to what extent they influence one another. In the current study, three dimensions of psychopathic traits were distinguished: grandiose–manipulative traits, callous–unemotional traits, and impulsive–irresponsible traits. A dynamic social network approach was used with three waves of longitudinal data from 1,772 adolescents (51.1% girls, M age ¼ 13.03 at first measurement). Results showed that adolescents with grandiose–manipulative and callous–unemotional traits formed peer relationships with adolescents who had low self-esteem. Furthermore, peers’ violence predicted stronger increases in violence for adolescents with low self-esteem than for other adolescents, and peers’ violence predicted stronger increases in adolescent violence for peers with high psychopathic traits than for other peers. Thus, findings indicate that adolescents with low self-esteem are vulnerable to deviant peer influence from peers with psychopathic traits.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychopathic traits; Violence; Early adolescence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2016 16:10
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15901

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