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Influences between online-exclusive, conjoint and offline-exclusive friendship networks: The moderating role of shyness

Influences between online-exclusive, conjoint and offline-exclusive friendship networks: The moderating role of shyness

van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter, Van Zalk, Nejra, Kerr, Margaret and Stattin, Hakan (2014) Influences between online-exclusive, conjoint and offline-exclusive friendship networks: The moderating role of shyness. European Journal of Personality, 28 (2). pp. 134-146. ISSN 0890-2070 (Print), 1099-0984 (Online) (doi:10.1002/per.1895)

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Abstract

Prior research has indicated that shy adolescents are more motivated to form friendships online than to form friendships offline. Little is known about whether having friendships found exclusively online may impact self-esteem and forming offline friendships for these adolescents. This study therefore aimed to provide insight into the moderating role of shyness in the longitudinal interplay between friendships in online and offline contexts in early adolescence. Adolescents and their friends (193 girls, 196 boys; Mage = 13.29) were followed with three consecutive measurements with intervals of eight months. Results showed that particularly for shy adolescents, having friends exclusively online predicted increases in self-esteem. Self-esteem, in turn, was found to predict forming more friendships found both offline and online and forming more friendships found exclusively offline. Thus, findings supported the social compensation perspective that shy adolescents may benefit from having friends exclusively online, as these friendships may increase self-esteem, thereby facilitating the formation of friendships found partially and completely offline.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Shyness; Friendships; Self-esteem; Online relationships
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Applied Psychology Research Group
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2016 13:43
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15899

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