Skip navigation

Characterisation and microleakage of a new hydrophilic fissure sealant – UltraSeal XT® hydro™

Characterisation and microleakage of a new hydrophilic fissure sealant – UltraSeal XT® hydro™

Güçlü, Zeynep Asli, Dönmez, Nazmiye, Hurt, Andrew P. and Coleman, Nichola (2016) Characterisation and microleakage of a new hydrophilic fissure sealant – UltraSeal XT® hydro™. Journal of Applied Oral Science. ISSN 1678-7757 (Print), 1678-7765 (Online) (doi:10.1590/1678-775720160010)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Publisher's PDF - Open Access)
15778 COLEMAN_Microleakage_New_Hydrophilic_Fissure_Sealant_2016.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (405kB) | Preview

Abstract

Objectives: The new hydrophilic fissure sealant, UltraSeal XT® hydro™ (Ultradent Products, USA), was characterised and its in vitro resistance to microleakage after placement on conventionally acid etched and sequentially lased and acid etched molars was investigated.

Materials and Methods: The sealant was characterised by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and Vickers indentation test. Occlusal surfaces of extracted human molars were either conventionally acid etched (n = 10), or sequentially acid etched and laser irradiated (n = 10). UltraSeal XT® hydro™ was applied to both groups of teeth which were then subjected to 2500 thermocycles between 5 and 55 °C prior to microleakage assessment by fuchsin dye penetration.

Results: UltraSeal XT® hydro™ is an acrylate-based sealant which achieved a degree of conversion of 50.6 ± 2.2% and a Vickers microhardness of 24.2 ± 1.5 under standard light curing (1000 mWcm-2 for 20 s). Fluoride ion release was negligible within a 14-day period. SEM and EDX analyses indicated that the sealant comprises irregular sub-micron and nano-sized silicon-, barium- and aluminium-bearing filler phases embedded within a ductile matrix. Laser preconditioning was found to significantly reduce microleakage (Mann-Whitney U test, p < 0.001). The lased teeth presented enhanced surface roughness on a 50 to 100 μm scale which caused the segregation and concentration of the filler particles at the enamel-sealant interface.

Conclusion: Laser preconditioning significantly decreased microleakage and increased enamel surface roughness which caused zoning of the filler particles at the enamel-sealant interface.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrophilic; Fissure sealants; Er:YAG lasers; Microleakage; Microhardness.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 10:31
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15778

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics