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Ambivalence toward men: Comparing sexism among Polish, South African and British university students

Ambivalence toward men: Comparing sexism among Polish, South African and British university students

Zawisza, Magdalena, Luyt, Russell and Zawadzka, Anna Maria (2012) Ambivalence toward men: Comparing sexism among Polish, South African and British university students. Sex Roles, 66 (7). pp. 453-467. ISSN 0360-0025 (Print), 1573-2762 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s11199-011-0112-4)

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Abstract

This study extends the literature on attitudes toward gender roles by exploring whether the nature of sexism (i.e., benevolence and hostility directed at men) differs among university students from two under-researched countries, Poland (n 0 190) and South Africa (n 0 188), in a comparison with students in the United Kingdom (n 0 166). Based on empirical literature applying Ambivalent Sexism Theory, and in the light of the socio-political context, it was hypoth- esized that: (1) both hostile and benevolent attitudes toward men in Poland would be more liberal than in South Africa and more conservative than in the United Kingdom, and (2), women would exhibit more hostile but less benevolent atti- tudes than men in relatively more conservative South Africa. The Ambivalence to Men Inventory was used to measure the two types of sexist attitudes about men. Findings supported the first hypothesis for hostile attitudes and partially for be- nevolent attitudes. South African and Polish students were more benevolent and hostile to men than British students, and students from South Africa were more hostile than those from Poland. Moreover, as predicted, a significant country-by- gender interaction revealed that South African women had more hostile and less benevolent attitudes to men than South African men. No such gender gap was present in the case of hostile attitudes in Poland and benevolent attitudes in the United Kingdom. Findings are discussed in terms of Ambiv- alent Sexism Theory and the countries’ socio-cultural context

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-011-0112-4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ambivalent sexism, Gender attitudes, Poland, United Kingdom, South Africa
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 12:07
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15767

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