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The influence of the kinetics of self-assembly on the properties of dipeptide hydrogels

The influence of the kinetics of self-assembly on the properties of dipeptide hydrogels

Cardoso, Andre Zamith, Alvarez Alvarez, Ana Estefania, Cattoz, Beatrice N., Griffiths, Peter C. ORCID: 0000-0002-6686-1271, King, Stephen M., Frith, William J. and Adams, Dave J. (2013) The influence of the kinetics of self-assembly on the properties of dipeptide hydrogels. Faraday Discussions, 166. pp. 101-116. ISSN 1359-6640 (Print), 1364-5498 (Online) (doi:10.1039/C3FD00104K)

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Abstract

We discuss the effect of the kinetics of pH change on the mechanical properties of dipeptide hydrogels. Data from other peptide-based low molecular weight gelator (LMWG) systems suggest that the rheological properties are often highly dependent on the assembly rate. To examine kinetics here, we have used the hydrolysis of glucono-δ-lactone (GdL). The hydrolysis of GdL to gluconic acid results in a decrease in pH, the rate of which is temperature sensitive. Hence, we can adjust the rate of pH decrease, whilst achieving the same absolute final pH. Our data shows that at all temperatures the rheological profile is very similar, with an increase to a plateau, followed by a second increase in moduli, despite very different kinetics of assembly. Surprisingly, the final mechanical properties are very similar in all cases. We also show that the structures formed at the plateau can be accessed by adjusting the pH using CO2. By carefully balancing the pKa of the gelator with the pH achievable using CO2, flexible hydrogel membranes can be formed as opposed to a bulk gel. The rheological characteristics of the membranes are typical of a highly entangled polymer network. These membranes can be rigidified by post-addition of GdL to further lower the pH.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gelation, peptides, self-assembly
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:14
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15714

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