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An analysis and numerical simulation of the performance of trained hospital staff using movement assist devices to evacuate people with reduced mobility

An analysis and numerical simulation of the performance of trained hospital staff using movement assist devices to evacuate people with reduced mobility

Hunt, Aoife, Galea, Edwin ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665 and Lawrence, Peter ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231 (2015) An analysis and numerical simulation of the performance of trained hospital staff using movement assist devices to evacuate people with reduced mobility. Fire and Materials, 39 (4). pp. 407-429. ISSN 0308-0501 (Print), 1099-1018 (Online) (doi:10.1002/fam.2215)

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Abstract

This paper describes work undertaken to quantify the performance of trained hospital staff in evacuating people with reduced mobility. Data were collected from 32 trials in which a test subject was evacuated through 11 floors of Ghent University Hospital using four commonly used movement assistance devices: stretcher, carry chair, evacuation chair and rescue sheet. Presented in the paper are performance results for both male and female assist teams, including device preparation time, horizontal speeds, vertical speeds and overtaking potential in stairwells. These data form the basis of the device performance evaluation presented in this paper. A comparative methodology is derived to assess the efficiency of the devices and enable performance differences to be established. Finally, the data collected are used in a numerical simulation of the evacuation of a ward, located on the 11th floor of a hospital, containing 28 non-ambulant patients. The scenarios investigate the time required to evacuate the ward using each of the four assist devices, assuming only the day or night shift staff are available. Furthermore, the scenarios consider the performance of all-male and all-female handlers and also take into consideration the impact of fatigue on the handlers

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: FIRST published: 17 December 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords: evacuation, people with reduced mobility, assist devices, evacuation simulation, experiment
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis (CNMPA) > Fire Safety Engineering Group (FSEG)
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 15:16
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15465

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