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Ubiquity of ice nucleation in lichen – possible atmospheric implications

Ubiquity of ice nucleation in lichen – possible atmospheric implications

Moffet, Bruce, Getti, Giulia, Henderson-Begg, Stephanie and Hill, Thomas (2015) Ubiquity of ice nucleation in lichen – possible atmospheric implications. Lindbergia, 38. pp. 39-43. ISSN 2001-5909

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Abstract

Ice nucleation has previously been described in only a few lichens from a single location. Here we greatly extend this work and suggest that in lichens ice nucleation is a water harvesting adaption. Fifty-seven lichen samples from a variety of widespread locations were tested for ice nucleation by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Samples initiated freezing in the range –5.1° to –20°C and the median freezing temperature was –7.2°C. The vapour pressure difference between ice and water is significant at this temperature, and so ice grows at the expense of water (Bergeron–Findeisen process). Therefore, the ability to form ice at these temperatures provides a useful water-harvesting mechanism for lichens. Ice nucleation appears to be ubiquitous in lichens and is more likely to be associated with the mycobiont and may influence atmospheric processes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ice nucleation, Lichen
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2017 11:41
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/15129

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