Skip navigation

Homogeneous catalysis of the accelerated carbonation of Portland cement

Homogeneous catalysis of the accelerated carbonation of Portland cement

Maries, Alan and Hills, Colin (2013) Homogeneous catalysis of the accelerated carbonation of Portland cement. In: 4th International Conference on Accelerated Carbonation for Environmental and Materials Engineering. ACEME, 2013, Leuven.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Author Accepted Manuscript)
14565_HILLS_Homogeneous_Catalysis_2013.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (518kB)

Abstract

A mechanism proposed for the accelerated carbonation of Portland cement has shown how the reaction proceeds through gaseous, liquid and solid phases in 9 distinct sequential steps. The overall speed of reaction is thus determined by the slowest step, and we have found that solvation and hydration of CO2 in water is commonly the rate-limiting step in the carbonation process. The literature suggests that the speed of this step might possibly be increased by three different classes of chemical 'enhancers' of CO2 hydration: (1) inorganic oxy-anions such as hypochlorite (ClO– ) or sulphite (SO32–) which act as Lewis bases to CO2; (2) organic solutes which form anions at alkaline pH, such as sugars and polyhydric alcohols; or (3) amines and alkanolamines, which may exert catalytic action by producing carbamates with CO2 by either zwitterion formation or charge-transfer. This paper explores these options in detail, supporting theoretical predictions with precise measurement of the rate of CO2 uptake in a 'eudiometer', to determine whether such rates might be beneficially enhanced in the carbonation of hydraulic binders and wastes, or in CO2 capture by mineral sequestration.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: 4th International Conference on Accelerated Carbonation for Environmental and Materials Engineering
Additional Information: Conference held from 9-12 April 2013, Leuven, Belgium
Uncontrolled Keywords: accelerated carbonation, Portland cement, cement, catalyst, CO2 capture, CCS
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science > Centre for Contaminated Land Remediation Research Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:36
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/14565

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics