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Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l.

Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l.

Cheke, R. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7437-1934, Young, S. and Garms, R. (2016) Inverse density dependence of parity rates in the onchocerciasis vector Simulium damnosum s.l. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 30 (1). pp. 85-88. ISSN 0269-283X (Print), 1365-2915 (Online) (doi:10.1111/mve.12145)

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Abstract

A correlation between parity rates and an index of adult numbers of Simulium damnosum s.l. (Diptera: Simuliidae) indicates an association, but does not prove causality or show the direction of any causal relationship. The question of whether adult numbers affect parity rates or vice versa is reminiscent of the age-old query of which of the chicken and the egg came first. A method for resolving such issues based on analyses of pairs of time series was proposed by Granger in 1969. When Granger's method was applied to monthly numbers of adult female S. damnosum s.l. caught attempting to bite humans at Asubende, Ghana, and their parity rates, a significant relationship (P = 0.005) emerged, clearly showing that parity rates were dependent on adult numbers. Implications of this inverse density dependence and the results of analyses of other similar time series are presented and discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 The Royal Entomological Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: Simulium damnosum, Biting rates, Granger test, Parity rates, Time series
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Agriculture, Health & Environment Department
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 11:23
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/14253

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