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The effects of a sports specific maximal strength and conditioning training on critical velocity, anaerobic running distance and 5-km race performance

The effects of a sports specific maximal strength and conditioning training on critical velocity, anaerobic running distance and 5-km race performance

Karsten, Bettina, Stevens, Liesbeth, Colpus, Mark, Larumbe-Zabala, Eneko and Naclerio, Fernando ORCID: 0000-0001-7405-4894 (2016) The effects of a sports specific maximal strength and conditioning training on critical velocity, anaerobic running distance and 5-km race performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11 (1). pp. 80-85. ISSN 1555-0265 (Print), 1555-0273 (Online) (doi:10.1123/ijspp.2014-0559)

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effects of a sports specific maximal 6-week strength and conditioning program on Critical Velocity (CV), anaerobic running distance (ARD) and 5-km time trial performance (TT). Methods: 16 moderately trained, recreational endurance runners were tested for CV, ARD and TT performances on three separate occasions (baseline, mid and post study). Design: Participants were randomly allocated into a strength and conditioning group (S&C; n=8) and a comparison, endurance training only group (EO; n=8). During the first phase of the study (6 weeks), the S&C group performed a concurrent maximal strength and endurance training, whilst the EO group performed an endurance only training. After the re-test of all variables (mid study) both groups subsequently, during phase two, performed another 6 weeks of endurance only training which was followed by post study tests. Results: No significant change for CV was identified in either groups. The S&C group demonstrated a significant decrease for ARD values after the first and second phase of the study. TT performances were significantly different in the S&C group after the intervention with a performance improvement of 3.62%. This performance increase returned close to baseline after the 6-week endurance only training. Conclusion: combining a 6-week resistance training program with endurance training significantly improves 5-km time trial performance. Removing strength training results in some loss of those performance improvements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: time-distance relationship, exercise testing, endurance capacity, anaerobic running distance, resistance exercises
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Centre for Science and Medicine in Sport and Exercise
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2017 22:38
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/14246

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