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A multidimensional approach to workless-ness: a matter of opportunities, social factors and individual’s idiosyncrasies

A multidimensional approach to workless-ness: a matter of opportunities, social factors and individual’s idiosyncrasies

Cagliesi, Maria, Hawkes, Denise and Tookey, Max (2015) A multidimensional approach to workless-ness: a matter of opportunities, social factors and individual’s idiosyncrasies. [Working Paper]

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to adopt the principles of labour economics, behavioural economics (BE) and social economics (SE) to explain an agent’s functioning over employment, non-employment and across various inactivity categories in the labour market. An empirical methodological approach has been adopted, where data from the British Household Panel Survey (2009) has been collected to formulate two types of models: the first type explaining non-employment and employment between genders, the second type investigating the subset of non-employed people and different categories of non-employment (such as employment (unemployment, students, disabled, early retired and carers), differentiating for gender and age characteristics. We found that labour market opportunities, choices and achievements are all affected by the interrelations and interactions of individual’s demographic and psychological characteristics (such as age, gender, heuristic, perceptions, beliefs, attitude, goals and ambitions) with external factors (such as geographical, socio- cultural and economic conditions). This study makes a unique contribution to labour economics as we abandon the traditional welfare approach and use a more general framework of capabilities and refined functioning (proposed by Amartya Sen) to interpret how different types of constraints - ranging from socioeconomic conditions and environmental background to specific features of individual processes of choices and decision making- affect preferences and functionings. The influences of “under-employment” and “career markers” will also be evaluated in the context of this study.

Item Type: Working Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: labour economics; behavioural economics; gender; capabilities;
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre (GPERC)
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 May 2018 09:16
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/14070

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