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Assessment on bulk solids best practice techniques for flow characterization and storage/handling equipment design for biomass materials of different classes

Assessment on bulk solids best practice techniques for flow characterization and storage/handling equipment design for biomass materials of different classes

Barletta, Diego, Berry, Robert J., Larsson, Sylvia H., Lestander, Torbjörn A., Poletto, Massimo and Ramírez-Gómez, Álvaro (2015) Assessment on bulk solids best practice techniques for flow characterization and storage/handling equipment design for biomass materials of different classes. Fuel Processing Technology, 138. pp. 540-554. ISSN 0378-3820 (doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.06.034)

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Abstract

This paper shows the results of a collaborative project in which four different laboratories have carried out complementary characterization tests on samples of the same set of lignocellulosic biomass materials with the objectives of better understanding their properties and identifying any critical features of the different characterization procedures. Three different types of material were used as model biomasses: 1) Scots pine wood chips, as an example of a coarse and flaky particulate biomass with some elastic properties; 2) chopped straw of reed canary grass as a nesting biomass having long and flaky fibers; and 3) Scots pine wood powder as a fine particulate with elastic and cohesive properties. Particle size and shape analyses were carried out with; calipers, 2D image analysis, 3D image analysis (ScanChip) and through mechanical sieving. Applications and validity limits of each of these techniques are evaluated and discussed. The flow function and internal friction were determined with a Schulze ring shear tester, a Brookfield powder flow tester and a large ring shear tester. No significant differences in the results generated by these shear testing techniques were found. Wall friction measurements were carried out with a Schulze ring shear tester; a Brookfield powder flow tester; a large Jenike shear tester and a Casagrande shear box. Results, in this case, showed significant differences with a higher wall friction coefficient obtained with the larger shear cell. Additionally, tensile strengths of biomass materials were measured by the use of a novel measurement technique. Arching tests were carried out in a pilot scale plane silo with variable hopper geometry and results were compared with those predicted by applying the Jenike procedure and a modified procedure which assumed that tensile strength was the controlling material property (rather than unconfined yield strength). Finally, safety of handling and storage was assessed by carrying out explosion tests on dusts from Scots pine and reed canary grass.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Acknowledgments (funding): The authors are grateful to Processum Biorefinery Initiative AB for partially funding this work. [2] This is the Author's Accepted Manuscript version, uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. Please note: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as editing, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.06.034
Uncontrolled Keywords: lignocellulosic biomass, particle size, particle shape, flowability, arching, explosion
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 14:28
Selected for GREAT 2016: GREAT a
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13774

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