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Reductions in resting blood pressure after 4 weeks of isometric exercise training

Reductions in resting blood pressure after 4 weeks of isometric exercise training

Devereux, Gavin R., Wiles, Jonathan D. and Swaine, Ian L. (2010) Reductions in resting blood pressure after 4 weeks of isometric exercise training. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 109 (4). pp. 601-606. ISSN 1439-6319 (Print), 1439-6327 (Online) (doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1394-x)

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Abstract

There is some evidence to suggest isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure in a shorter period than the typical 8 weeks, reported most commonly. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric training can reduce resting blood pressure, and whether these changes are associated with altered cardiac output or total peripheral resistance. Thirteen participants volunteered for a 4-week crossover training study, involving three sessions per week (each session involving 4 × 2 min bilateral-leg isometric exercise). The training intensity used (95% peak HR) was equivalent to 24% MVC. In addition to blood pressure, resting heart rate, cardiac output, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were measured. Results demonstrated that bilateral-leg isometric exercise training for 4 weeks caused signiWcant reductions in systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure. Changes were -4.9 ± 5.8, -2.8 ± 3.2, and -2.7 ± 2.4 mmHg, respectively. No differences were observed in the other resting measures. In conclusion, this study has shown that it is possible to induce reductions in arterial blood pressure after 4 weeks of bilateral-leg isometric exercise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: arterial blood pressure, isometric exercise, muscle mass, vascular conductance
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Q Science > QP Physiology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:34
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13678

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