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Targeting the production of monocytes/macrophages-derived cytokines by anti-inflammatory herbal drugs

Targeting the production of monocytes/macrophages-derived cytokines by anti-inflammatory herbal drugs

Habtemariam, Solomon (2013) Targeting the production of monocytes/macrophages-derived cytokines by anti-inflammatory herbal drugs. Phytopharmacology, 4 (1). pp. 131-148. ISSN 2046-1194

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Abstract

Macrophages and their immature undifferentiated predecessors, monocytes, are part of the innate immune system with primary function in defense against infection, malignancy and in immunity. Of the various protein mediators produced by monocytes/ macrophages are proinflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor- α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1β) and IL-6. The regulated release of these cytokines result in the initiation of inflammation through activation of immune cells and upregulation of expression of adhesion molecules that eventually lead to leucocyte infiltration to extravascular sites. Hence, one of the most attractive approaches of alleviating the severity of chronic inflammatory diseases is suppressing the production of monocytes/macrophages-derived TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6. This review highlights some common targets of the monocytes/macrophage-derived cytokines expression, experimental models of proinflammatory cytokines release, and mechanism of action of some exemplary antiinflammatory herbal drugs. The effects of crude drug preparations on transcription factors (e.g. nuclear factor-κB), signalling pathways including the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades and induction of immunosuppressive proteins (IL-10) are among the common targets discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Copyright: © 2013 Inforesights Publishing UK. [2] Phytopharmacology is an international peer-reviewed open-access journal (http://inforesights.com/phytopharmacology/)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Monocytes, macrophages, inflammation, herbal drugs, proinflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, HMGB1
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 11:50
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13433

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