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Mass flow and variability in screw feeding of biomass powders – relations to particle and bulk properties

Mass flow and variability in screw feeding of biomass powders – relations to particle and bulk properties

Falk, Joel, Berry, Robert, Broström, Markus and Larsson, Sylvia H. (2015) Mass flow and variability in screw feeding of biomass powders – relations to particle and bulk properties. Powder Technology, 276. pp. 80-88. ISSN 0032-5910 (Print), 1873-328X (Online) (doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2015.02.023)

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Abstract

Biomass powders are often cohesive, have low bulk density and poor material flow characteristics which causes interruptions and variations in feeding systems. In this study, a range of biomasses - commercial charcoal, torrefied Norway spruce stem wood, non-treated Norway spruce stem wood, and reed canary grass - was milled (screen size: 1 mm) using two different milling methods; cutting mill and hammer mill, to form eight types of biomass powders. Powders were analyzed for loose density, Hausner ratio, compression ratio, angle of repose and for size and shape distributions. Size and shape were determined by mechanical sieving and optical particle size and shape analysis. Additionally, yield loci and wall yield loci were determined through standard bulk solids testing methods. Screw feeding properties of the eight biomass powders were determined by feeding the materials in a twin screw feeder - at constant rpm and at a constant feeding rate of 1 kg/h. Correlation analysis and principal component loadings were used to describe relations between material properties and feeding characteristics. When materials were fed at a constant rpm, feeding variability was closely correlated to the powders’ angle of repose (long time step) and Hausner and compression ratio (short time step).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Angle of repose, Bulk density, Flow function, Shear strength, Correlation coefficient analysis
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2018 14:32
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13168

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