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Sustainable approaches for stormwater quality improvements with experimental geothermal paving systems

Sustainable approaches for stormwater quality improvements with experimental geothermal paving systems

Tota-Maharaj, Kiran and Paul, Parneet (2015) Sustainable approaches for stormwater quality improvements with experimental geothermal paving systems. Sustainability, 7 (2). pp. 1388-1410. ISSN 2071-1050 (doi:10.3390/su7021388)

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Abstract

This research assesses the next generation of permeable pavement systems (PPS) incorporating ground source heat pumps (geothermal paving systems). Twelve experimental pilot-scaled pavement systems were assessed for its stormwater treatability in Edinburgh, UK. The relatively high variability of temperatures during the heating and cooling cycle of a ground source heat pump system embedded into the pavement structure did not allow the ecological risk of pathogenic microbial expansion and survival. Carbon dioxide monitoring indicated relatively high microbial activity on a geotextile layer and within the pavement structure. Anaerobic degradation processes were concentrated around the geotextile zone, where carbon dioxide concentrations reached up to 2000 ppm. The overall water treatment potential was high with up to 99% biochemical oxygen demand removal. The pervious pavement systems reduced the ecological risk of stormwater discharges and provided a low risk of pathogen growth.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Copyright: (c) 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. [2] Published in Sustainability, Volume 7, Issue 2 (February 2015) - Special Issue from the Sustainable Asia Conference 2014 (SAC 2014). This issue included selected papers from the Sustainable Asia Conference 2014, an international conference held in Nanchang, China, 23-15 April 2014. [3] Acknowledgement (funding): Hanson Formpave Heidelberg Cement Group sponsored this research project.
Uncontrolled Keywords: permeable pavement, sustainable urban drainage, urban runoff, pavement design, ground-source heat pumps, geothermal paving
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Engineering Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2016 13:17
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13152

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