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Formulation of mortars with nano-SiO2 and nano-TiO2 for degradation of pollutants in buildings

Formulation of mortars with nano-SiO2 and nano-TiO2 for degradation of pollutants in buildings

Senff, L., Tobaldi, D.M., Lucas, S., Hotza, D., Ferreira, V.M. and Labrincha, J.A. (2012) Formulation of mortars with nano-SiO2 and nano-TiO2 for degradation of pollutants in buildings. Composites Part B: Engineering, 44 (1). pp. 40-47. ISSN 1359-8368 (doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.07.022)

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Abstract

This paper reports on the design of cement mortars that use nano-SiO2 (nS) and nano-TiO2 (nT) particles, aiming to improve the durability of traditional building materials while giving new functionalities (aerial decontamination of pollutants). Samples with 0–2 wt.% nS, 0–20 wt.% nT, 0.45–7 wt.% superplasticizer (SP) and 0.45–0.58 water/binder weight ratio were prepared. The formulations of mortars were defined according to rheology and flow table measurements, then showing suitable workability. The temperature of hydration, compressive strength, water absorption, and photocatalytic degradation of pollutants (NOx and Orange II dye) were also evaluated. In general, the rheological behavior and the temperature of hydration changed in distinct levels, depending on the dosage and type of nanoadditives, but nT influenced more significantly the results. However, such differences were not identified on the compressive strength and water absorption. In addition, NOx photocatalytic degradation up to 1 h under solar light ranged from 65% to 80%, while Orange II degradation after 9 h under visible light changed from 18% to 50%.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] Acknowledgements (funding): The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Brazilian agency CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development).
Uncontrolled Keywords: smart materials, rheological properties, ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:31
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/13091

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