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Effect of intermetallic compound layer thickness on the shear strength of 1206 chip resistor solder joint

Effect of intermetallic compound layer thickness on the shear strength of 1206 chip resistor solder joint

Bernasko, Peter K., Mallik, Sabuj and Takyi, G. (2015) Effect of intermetallic compound layer thickness on the shear strength of 1206 chip resistor solder joint. Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, 27 (1). pp. 52-58. ISSN 0954-0911 (doi:10.1108/SSMT-07-2013-0019)

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this work is to study the effect of intermetallic compound (IMC) layer thickness on the shear strength of surface mount component (SMC) 1206 chip resistor solder joints.

Design/methodology/approach: To evaluate the shear strength and intermetallic compound thickness of the 1206 chip resistor solder joints, the test vehicles were conventionally reflowed for 480 seconds at a peak temperature of 240°C at different isothermal ageing times of 100, 200 and 300 hours. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the reflowed and aged 1206 chip resistor solder joints. The shear strength of the solder joints aged at 100, 200 and 300 hours was measured using a shear tester (Dage-4000PXY Bond tester).

Findings: It was found that the growth of IMC layer thickness increases as the ageing time increases at a constant temperature of 175°C, which resulted in a reduction of solder joint strength due to its brittle nature. It was also found that the shear strength of the reflowed 1206 chip resistor solder joint was higher than the aged joints. Moreover, it was revealed that the shear strength of the 1206 resistor solder joints aged at 100, 200 and 300 hours was influenced by the ageing reaction times. The results also indicate that an increase in ageing time and temperature do not have much influence on the formation and growth of kirkendall voids.

Research limitations/implications: Proper correlation between shear strength and fracture mode is required.

Practical implications: The IMC thickness can be used to predict the shear strength of the component/PCB pad solder joint.

Originality/value: The shear strength of 1206 chip resistor solder joint is a function of ageing time and temperature (ºC). Therefore, it is vital to consider the shear strength of surface mount chip component in high temperature electronics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: intermetallic compounds, Sn-Ag-Cu, solder, shear strength
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:30
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12891

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