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Hydration kinetics, ion-release and antimicrobial properties of white Portland cement blended with zirconium oxide nanoparticles

Hydration kinetics, ion-release and antimicrobial properties of white Portland cement blended with zirconium oxide nanoparticles

Li, Qiu and Coleman, Nichola J. (2014) Hydration kinetics, ion-release and antimicrobial properties of white Portland cement blended with zirconium oxide nanoparticles. Dental Materials Journal, 33 (6). pp. 805-810. ISSN 0287-4547 (Print), 1881-1361 (Online) (doi:10.4012/dmj.2014-174)

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Abstract

This study examines the impact of 20 wt% zirconium oxide nanoparticles on the early hydration kinetics of white Portland cement by isothermal conduction calorimetry and transmission electron microscopy. The findings confirm that the nano-ZrO2 particles do not directly participate in the chemical reactions during cement hydration; although they do divert the normal hydration processes and accelerate the initial setting reactions. The rate of heat evolution and the extent of the exotherm associated with these reactions are reduced in the presence of nano-ZrO2. The incorporation of nano-ZrO2 into the cement also reduces the solubility of the silicate phases but does not compromise its capacity to release hydroxide ions. There was no observed difference in the antimicrobial activity of the nano-ZrO2-blended and unblended cement pastes against S. aureus and E. coli; however, a modest reduction in this property was noted against P. aeruginosa for the blended cement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cement hydration, radiopacifier, zirconium oxide, nanoparticles, isothermal calorimetry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:13
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12663

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