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The geology and geomorphology of the Beacon Cottage Farm Outlier, St Agnes, Cornwall

The geology and geomorphology of the Beacon Cottage Farm Outlier, St Agnes, Cornwall

Jowsey, N.L., Parkin, D.L., Slipper, Ian J., Smith, A.P.C. and Walsh, P.T. (1992) The geology and geomorphology of the Beacon Cottage Farm Outlier, St Agnes, Cornwall. Geological Magazine, 129 (1). pp. 101-121. ISSN 0016-7568 (Print), 1469-5081 (Online) (doi:10.1017/S0016756800008153)

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Abstract

The mid-Oligocene sediments forming the Beacon Cottage Farm Outlier at St Agnes, Cornwall, have a stratigraphical and geomorphological importance which is out of all proportion to their modest residual bulk (some 300000 m3). During 1986-8 61 holes were sunk into the area surrounding Beacon Cottage Farm; many penetrated the Palaeozoic floor beneath the outlier. Collectively, these show that the outlier mostly covers rotten granite and Killas. The sub-Oligocene unconformity is uneven and varies in altitude by at least 20 m. The local Bovey Formation succession comprises two members: Basal Sand, which is often pebbly, and sandy silts, known commercially as Candle Clay, the whole totalling a maximum of 8.9 m. There is indirect evidence either that slopes on the rotted Palaeozoic floor locally exceed 45° or that several post-mid-Oligocene faults affect the outlier. We conclude that the Beacon Cottage Farm sediments probably represent aeolian, colluvially and fluvially redistributed rotten rock residues, formed locally during a break in the long period of late-Palaeogene subtropical weathering and pediplanation. The outlier is considered in relation to the geomorphological evolution of the Cornubian Massif.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oligocene, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2016 11:47
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12577

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