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Macroalgae-derived biofuel: A review of methods of energy extraction from seaweed biomass

Macroalgae-derived biofuel: A review of methods of energy extraction from seaweed biomass

Milledge, John J. ORCID: 0000-0003-0252-6711, Smith, Benjamin, Dyer, Philip W. and Harvey, Patricia ORCID: 0000-0001-7193-4570 (2014) Macroalgae-derived biofuel: A review of methods of energy extraction from seaweed biomass. Energies, 7 (11). pp. 7194-7222. ISSN 1996-1073 (doi:10.3390/en7117194)

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Abstract

The potential of algal biomass as a source of liquid and gaseous biofuels is a highly topical theme, but as yet there is no successful economically viable commercial system producing biofuel. However, the majority of the research has focused on producing fuels from microalgae rather than from macroalgae. This article briefly reviews the methods by which useful energy may be extracted from macroalgae biomass including: direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, trans-esterification to biodiesel, hydrothermal liquefaction, fermentation to bioethanol, fermentation to biobutanol and anaerobic digestion, and explores technical and engineering difficulties that remain to be resolved

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. [2] Acknowledgments (funding): This work was supported by the The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) project number EP/K014900/1 (MacroBioCrude: Developing an Integrated Supply and Processing Pipeline for the Sustained Production of Ensiled Macroalgae-derived Hydrocarbon Fuels). [3] This article belongs to the Special Issue Algae Based Technologies.
Uncontrolled Keywords: seaweed, macroalgae, algae, bioenergy, pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction, fermentation, anaerobic digestion
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Life & Sports Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2018 12:41
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12490

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