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Negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in people with schizophrenia

Negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in people with schizophrenia

Vancampfort, Davy, De Hert, Marc, Stubbs, Brendon, Ward, Philip B., Rosenbaum, Simon, Soundy, Andrew and Probst, Michel (2015) Negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in people with schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 56. pp. 128-132. ISSN 0010-440X (doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.10.007)

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Abstract

Objective: This cross-sectional study examined the association between psychiatric symptoms and motivation for physical activity within the self-determination theory (SDT) framework in people with schizophrenia.

Method: Over a 4-month period, 55 (17♀) inpatients with a DSM-V diagnosis of schizophrenia were assessed with the Psychosis Evaluation tool for Common use by Caregivers (PECC) and the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2), that provided separate scores for amotivation, external, introjected and autonomous regulation. Spearman correlations coefficients were examined between these motivation scores and symptom ratings.

Results: The BREQ-2 score for autonomous regulations (2.6 ± 1.1) was significantly correlated with the PECC negative symptoms score (10.3 ± 4.1) (r = -0.34, p = 0.011). No other significant correlations between BREQ-2 and PECC scores were found. The BREQ-2 score for external regulations (0.7 ± 0.9) was associated with older age (35.2 ± 11.3 years) (r = -0.30, p = 0.024).

Conclusions: These findings provide evidence that negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in inpatients with schizophrenia. Future longitudinal research should confirm the current findings. Such research will guide physical activity approaches aimed at facilitating enhanced physical and mental health outcomes in individuals with schizophrenia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] The 'Author's Accepted Manuscript' version is attached. [2] Please cite this article as: Vancampfort Davy, De Hert Marc, Stubbs Brendon, Ward Philip B., Rosenbaum Simon, Soundy Andrew, Probst Michel, Negative symptoms are associated with lower autonomous motivation towards physical activity in people with schizophrenia, Comprehensive Psychiatry (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.10.007. [3] Publisher's (Elsevier Inc.) note: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Uncontrolled Keywords: schizophrenia, physical exercise, compliance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 10:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12288

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