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Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation

Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation

Tariq, A.S., Reupke, P. and Sarwar, G. (1994) Biomass combustion systems. A guide for monitoring and efficient operation. Biomass Combustion Systems (2). Natural Resources Institute, Chatham, UK. ISBN 0-85954-385-4

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Abstract

In developing countries, biomass represents the main source of energy with 300 to 375 million tonnes being used in small- to medium-scale industries. This industrial use causes local wood supply and associated deforestation problems which can be alleviated by efficient use of the fuel. This publication, which forms part of a series, is intended for use by plant operators and researchers in the field of biomass combustion to enable the evaluation of plant performance and provide the means to improve it. Combustion calculations including stoichiometric air requirements, theoretical flue gas composition and diabatic flame temperatures are explained in detail. Fuel properties of over 140 biomass materials are tabulated. A wide range of equipment is available for biomass combustion, some of which is derived from systems designed for solid fossil fuel combustion. Some of the considerations required to adapt such equipment are covered and a brief review of the different types of solid fuel combustion systems is included. Procedures and instrumentation for measurement of gas composition and temperatures in combustion equipment are reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of each type of instrument are discussed. Methods for correcting systematic errors in gas temperature measurement are explained. The results of the measurements can be used to calculate the efficiency of the combustion system and the magnitude of the different losses.

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: [1] Acknowledgements (funding): The publication was produced under NRI's Forest Products Programme with particular support from: the Forestry Research Programme, Oxford Forestry Institute, University of Oxford, the unit responsible for the implementation of the Overseas Development Administration's (ODA) strategy programme for research in forestry and agroforestry; and ODA dissemination funds. [2] Acknowledgements: The authors would like to acknowledge the assistance of colleagues, in particular George Breag, Alec Hollingdale, Alan Robinson and Rupert Lipscombe. We are also indebted to the following companies for information and permission to use illustrations of their equipment: Analytical Development Company Limited, Hoddesdon, UK, for Figure 10; Farm 2000 Limited, Redditch, United Kingdom, for Figure 3; Neotronics Limited, Bishops Stortford, United Kingdom, for Figure 13; Servomex (UK) Limited, Crowbrough, United Kingdom, for Figure 11 and Figure 12; Vyncke n.v., Harelbeke, Belgium, for Figure 4. Mention of a company name or product does not constitute any endorsement by the Natural Resources Institute (NRI).
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomass, combustion, fuel, stoichiometric air-fuel ratio, flue gas composition, adiabatic flame temperature
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Livelihoods & Institutions Department
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 16:36
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12214

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