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The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification

The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification

Owen, M., Galea, E.R. ORCID: 0000-0002-0001-6665, Lawrence, P.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0269-0231 and Filippidis, L. (1998) The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. The Aeronautical Journal, 102 (1016). pp. 301-312. ISSN 0001-9240

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Abstract

Computer based mathematical models describing the aircraft evacuation process have a vital role to play in the design and development of safer aircraft, the implementation of safer and more rigorous certification criteria, in cabin crew training and post-mortem accident investigation. As the risk of personal injury and the costs involved in performing large-scale evacuation experiments for the next generation ultra high capacity aircraft (UHCA) are expected to be high, the development and use of these evacuation modelling tools may become essential if these aircraft are to prove a viable reality. This paper describes the capabilities and limitations of the airEXODUS evacuation model and some attempts at validation, including its successful application to the prediction of a recent certification trial, prior to the actual trial taking place. Also described is a newly defined performance parameter known as OPS that can be used as a measure of evacuation trial optimality. In addition, sample evacuation simulations in the presence of fire atmospheres are described.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: accident prevention, computer simulation, mathematical models, risk perception, tructural design, large-scale aircraft evacuation, software package airEXODUS, transport aircraft
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 08:59
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/122

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