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A systematic review of physical activity correlates in alcohol use disorders

A systematic review of physical activity correlates in alcohol use disorders

Vancampfort, Davy, De Hert, Marc, Stubbs, Brendon, Soundy, Andrew, De Herdt, Amber, Detraux, Johan and Probst, Michel (2015) A systematic review of physical activity correlates in alcohol use disorders. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 29 (4). pp. 196-201. ISSN 0883-9417 (doi:10.1016/j.apnu.2014.08.006)

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Abstract

Background:
Physical activity might promote mental and physical health in persons with alcohol use disorder. Understanding the barriers and facilitators of participation in physical activity in persons with alcohol use disorder is an essential first step in order to devise effective physical activity interventions.

Objective:
The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the correlates of physical activity in people with alcohol use disorder.

Methods:
Major electronic databases were searched by two independent authors from inception till June 2014. Keywords included ‘physical activity’ or ‘exercise’ and ‘alcohol dependence’ or ‘alcohol abuse’ or ‘alcohol use disorders’ or ‘alcoholism’.

Results:
Five papers evaluating 14 correlates were included. Three studies reported that alcohol dependence was unrelated to physical activity behavior, while alcohol abuse showed positive associations in 2 studies. No demographic variable was related with physical activity participation. Functional impairments and distress associated with alcohol use disorders including increased smoking rates, obesity, anxiety, depression and a lower self-efficacy may limit one’s ability to be physically active. Data on social, environmental and policy related factors are currently lacking. No included study assessed physical activity levels utilizing objective measurements (e.g. pedometers, accelerometers).

Conclusion:
Although the literature on physical activity correlates in persons with alcohol use disorder still is equivocal, our varied findings support the hypothesis that the participation in physical activity by people with alcohol use disorder is determined by a range of complex factors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] The Author's Accepted Manuscript version is attached to the GALA item. [2] Please cite this article as: Vancampfort, D., De Hert, M., Stubbs, B., Soundy, A., De Herdt, A., Detraux, J. & Probst, M., A systematic review of physical activity correlates in alcohol use disorders, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2014.08.006 [3] Publisher's (Elsevier Inc.)note: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.
Uncontrolled Keywords: physical activity, alcohol use, disorders
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Education & Health
Faculty of Education & Health > Department of Psychology, Social Work & Counselling
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2016 11:01
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/12086

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