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The solid state chemistry of metakaolin-blended ordinary Portland cement

The solid state chemistry of metakaolin-blended ordinary Portland cement

Coleman, N.J. and McWhinnie, W.R. (2000) The solid state chemistry of metakaolin-blended ordinary Portland cement. Journal of Materials Science, 35 (11). pp. 2701-2710. ISSN 0022-2461 (Print), 1573-4803 (Online) (doi:10.1023/A:1004753926277)

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Abstract

The hydration of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) pastes containing 0 and 20% metakaolin was monitored by differential thermal analysis (DTA) and solid state magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MAS NMR). The presence of hydrated gehlenite and a relative reduction in calcium hydroxide content of the metakaolin-blended OPC pastes observed by DTA are indicative of the pozzolanic reaction of metakaolin. An increase in the capacity of metakaolin-blended OPC pastes to exclude chloride ions from the pore electrolyte phase, via solid phase binding, has been reported. It is proposed that this increase in chloride binding capacity could be attributed to the participation of calcium aluminate species in the formation of Friedel's salt which would otherwise be engaged in the formation of hydrated gehlenite and other AFm phases. The accelerating effect of replacement additions of metakaolin has been shown by Si-29 NMR and was denoted by a comparative increase in the intensity of resonances arising from Q(1) and Q(2) species compared with that of Q(0) species for metakaolin-blended specimens. The primary reactive centres of the pozzolan have been shown to be the 5-coordinate aluminium and amorphous silica. The spreading of the Q(4) resonance of the amorphous silica of metakaolin through the Q(3) and into the Q(2) and Q(1) regions of the NMR spectrum during pozzolanic reaction has been observed. (C) 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: metakaolin, ordinary Portland cement
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 09:12
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/11804

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