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The effect of carbon nanotube orientation on erosive wear resistance of CNT-epoxy based composites

The effect of carbon nanotube orientation on erosive wear resistance of CNT-epoxy based composites

Chen, Jinhu, Hutchings, Ian M., Deng, Tong, Bradley, Michael S. A. and Koziol, Krzysztof K. K. (2014) The effect of carbon nanotube orientation on erosive wear resistance of CNT-epoxy based composites. Carbon, 73. pp. 421-431. ISSN 0008-6223 (doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2014.02.083)

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Abstract

Aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) polymer composites are envisioned as the next-generation composite materials for a wide range of applications. In this work, we investigate the erosive wear behavior of epoxy matrix composites reinforced with both randomly dispersed and aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays. The aligned CNT composites are prepared in two different configurations, where the sidewalls and ends of nanotubes are exposed to the composite surface. Results have shown that the composite with vertically aligned CNT-arrays exhibits superior erosive wear resistance compared to any of the other types of composites, and the erosion rate reaches a similar performance level to that of carbon steel at 20° impingement angle. The erosive wear mechanism of this type of composite, at various impingement angles, is studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). We report that the erosive wear performance shows strong dependence on the alignment geometries of CNTs within the epoxy matrix under identical nanotube loading fractions. Correlations between the eroded surface roughness and the erosion rates of the CNT composites are studied by surface profilometry. This work demonstrates methods to fabricate CNT based polymer composites with high loading fractions of the filler, alignment control of nanotubes and optimized erosive wear properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon nanotubes, polymer composites, erosion
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology
Faculty of Engineering & Science
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 14:36
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/11352

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