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The development and validation of a rail car evacuation

The development and validation of a rail car evacuation

Galea, Edwin Richard, Blackshields, Darren, Lawrence, Peter J., Finney, Kate and Cooney, David (2013) The development and validation of a rail car evacuation. In: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference. Interscience Communications, Greenwich, London, UK, pp. 1023-1034. ISBN 9780955654893

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Abstract

In this paper we present a specialist rail car evacuation model railEXODUS, and some validation of the software capabilities using experimental data. As part of this development, an extensive review of past train accidents and rail car evacuation experimentation was undertaken. Analysis of 70 rail accidents from 1999 to 2007 involving passenger rail cars suggests that there are a number of common themes that emerge in emergency situations which will influence the way in which persons will behave and the resulting human dynamics which must be represented within the model. While accident data is useful in identifying aspects of human behaviour that must be included in evacution models, they do not provide an opportunity to quantify human performance in emeregency situations. To achieve this, evacuation experiments are essential. As part of this project, data from a series of rail car egress trials undertaken in the U.S. using U.S. rolling stock was analysed and used as part of model calibration and validation. The resulting model has the capability to simulate sgress from multi-level rail cars to high and low platforms, the Right-Of-Way and inter-car egress. The model can also take into consideration the impact of fire hazards and adverse vehicle orientation on passenger behaviour and performance during emergency egress.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Title of Proceedings: Conference Proceedings: Interflam 2013: 13th International Fire Science and Engineering Conference
Additional Information: [1] This paper was first presented at Interflam 2013, the 13th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire Science and Engineering held at Royal Holloway College, University of London, UK, from 24-26 June 2013. [2] CMS REF: 13/29.
Uncontrolled Keywords: rail car evacuation, evacuation model, railExodus
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis
School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Numerical Modelling & Process Analysis > Fire Safety Engineering Group
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:26
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10824

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