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Introduction: Social issues in sustainable fisheries management

Introduction: Social issues in sustainable fisheries management

Urquhart, Julie, Acott, Tim, Symes, David and Zhao, Minghua (2014) Introduction: Social issues in sustainable fisheries management. In: Urquhart, Julie, Acott, Tim G., Symes, David and Zhao, Minghua, (eds.) Social Issues in Sustainable Fisheries Management. MARE Publication Series, 9 . Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, pp. 1-20. ISBN 9789400779105 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7911-2_1)

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Abstract

Throughout the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries fisheries policies and management systems worldwide changed as commercial fish stocks declined and fishing pressure intensified. Increased technological developments have enabled fishing fleets to become highly mobile and efficient and, together with a growing demand for fish for human consumption, have contributed to 87 % of commercial fish stocks being either fully exploited or overexploited (FAO 2012). Unsurprisingly, the focus of fisheries policy and management has been directed at biological and economic dimensions in the effort to bring stocks back to sustainable levels and to protect marine environments. However, in the broad global context, social and cultural issues in fisheries policy and management have largely been ignored. Yet omitting socio-cultural objectives has consequences for many fishing communities that today are struggling to deal with the implications of such decision making (Symes and Phillipson, 2009; Urquhart et al., 2011). Examples may include increased levels of unemployment, outmigration, weaker community structures and economic difficulties, which are especially felt in fisheries dependent communities (Scottish Government 2009). These examples have a strong socio-cultural dimension while biological and economic factors are important contributing factors. Consequently, it is increasingly being recognised that sustainable fisheries will only be achieved by integrating management and policy across biological, social and economic dimensions (FCR, 2009).

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: The MARE Publication Series is an initiative of the Centre for Maritime Research (MARE).
Uncontrolled Keywords: sustainable fisheries, fisheries management, sustainable development Ecosystem approach to fisheries; Social and cultural values of fisheries; EU Common; Fisheries Policy; Social issues
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Engineering & Science > Department of Pharmaceutical, Chemical & Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Architecture, Computing & Humanities > Department of History, Politics & Social Sciences > Greenwich Maritime Centre
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2017 09:44
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10596

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