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Trajectories of functional change among long stayers in nursing homes: Does baseline impairment matter?

Trajectories of functional change among long stayers in nursing homes: Does baseline impairment matter?

Banaszak-Holl, Jane, Liang, Jersey, Quinones, Ana, Cigolle, Christine, Lee, I-Cha and Verbrugge, Lois M. (2011) Trajectories of functional change among long stayers in nursing homes: Does baseline impairment matter? Journal of Aging and Health, 23 (5). pp. 862-882. ISSN 0898-2643 (Print), 1552-6887 (Online) (doi:10.1177/0898264311399759)

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Abstract

Objectives: To describe the degree of loneliness among the visually impaired elderly and to make a comparison with a matched reference group of the normally sighted elderly. In addition, we examined self-management abilities (SMAs) as determinants of loneliness among the visually impaired elderly.

Method: In a cross-sectional study, 173 visually impaired elderly persons completed telephone interviews. Loneliness and SMAs were assessed with the Loneliness Scale of De Jong Gierveld and the SMAS-30, respectively.

Results: The prevalence of loneliness among the visually impaired elderly was higher compared with the reference group (50% vs. 29%; p < .001). Multivariate hierarchical regression analysis showed that the SMA self-efficacy, partner status, and self-esteem were determinants of loneliness. Severity and duration of visual impairment had no effect on loneliness.

Discussion: The relationship between SMAs (i.e., self-efficacy) and loneliness is promising, as SMAs can be learned through training. Consequently, self-management training may reduce feelings of loneliness.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: [1] First published online: 24 March 2011. [2] Published in print: August 2011. [3] Published as: Journal of Aging and Health, (2011), Vol. 23, (5), pp. 862-882.
Uncontrolled Keywords: health services, nursing homes, physical function
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Health & Social Care
School of Health & Social Care > Department of Acute & Continuing Care
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10422

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