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Perceiving patterns in dynamic action sequences: Investigating the processes underpinning stimulus recognition and anticipation skill

Perceiving patterns in dynamic action sequences: Investigating the processes underpinning stimulus recognition and anticipation skill

North, Jamie S., Williams, A. Mark, Hodges, Nicola, Ward, Paul and Ericsson, K. Anders (2009) Perceiving patterns in dynamic action sequences: Investigating the processes underpinning stimulus recognition and anticipation skill. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23 (6). pp. 878-894. ISSN 0888-4080 (Print), 1099-0720 (Online) (doi:10.1002/acp.1581)

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Abstract

We examined whether skilled and less-skilled participants process dynamic sequences comprised of numerous elements using relational information or specific display features. Moreover, the processes underpinning anticipation and recognition judgments were compared. Participants viewed dynamic film sequences showing multiple display features and anticipated what would happen next. New and previously viewed action sequences were then presented in film or point-light display format. Participants attempted to recognize previously viewed sequences. Skilled participants demonstrated superior anticipation skill and were more sensitive in discriminating previously viewed and novel clips than their less-skilled counterparts. Skilled participants fixated more locations than less-skilled participants, implying that they process dynamic scenes as a series of relations between display features. The patterns of eye fixation measures differed between the anticipation and recognition tasks suggesting that different processes underpin these two types of judgments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: patterns, dynamic action, stimulus recognition, anticipation skill
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Pre-2014 Departments: School of Science
School of Science > Centre for Sports Sciences & Human Performance
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:25
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10245

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