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Financial inclusion and poverty: The case of Peru

Financial inclusion and poverty: The case of Peru

Marr, Ana and Schmied, Julian (2013) Financial inclusion and poverty: The case of Peru. In: 3rd European Research Conference on Microfinance, 10-12 Jun 2013, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Poverty is ostensibly a multi-dimensional issue. Economic, social and political forces play a role in its creation as well as in its eradication. Financial inclusion, understood as the provision of micro-loans to populations that have never before had access to lending, has for some time been consid- ered a useful way to help reduce poverty. In this paper, we test the power of financial inclusion in influencing poverty outcomes compared to other variables such as the provision of development aid and technology progress. To this end, we employ a panel data analysis based on a unique 2008-2010 database on financial inclusion in Peru. Our regression results show that financial inclusion does have an alleviating effect on various indicators of poverty. The coefficients are relatively large and statistically significant when a random effect model is applied. However, with an instrumental variable regression addressing the problem of reversal causality, the coefficients turn insignificant. Interestingly, indices of urbanisation (i.e. lower rurality) and internet access are associated with lower poverty incidence. Although some predictable results, such as the positive effect of food aid on poverty, are confirmed by this research, higher employment rates appear to be insignificant in the quest to help reduce poverty.

Item Type: Conference or Conference Paper (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: financial inclusion, microfinance, poverty, econometric research
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Faculty / Department / Research Group: Faculty of Business > Department of International Business & Economics
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Development Studies Research Group
Faculty of Engineering & Science > Natural Resources Institute > Food & Markets Department
Related URLs:
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2016 09:24
Selected for GREAT 2016: None
Selected for GREAT 2017: None
Selected for GREAT 2018: None
URI: http://gala.gre.ac.uk/id/eprint/10067

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